Papyrus fragment from the Book of the Dead; spell number 18 written for Nes-pauti-taui. Thebes, Upper Egypt: c. 1000 B.C.

The Egyptian Book of the Dead is not a true book, but a collection of documents containing spells and formulas that were placed in the tomb to help a deceased person in their journey through the Underworld. This fragment is from a Book of the Dead manuscript written in hieratic script for an Amun priest named Nes-pauti-taui. It also contains four drawings of groups of figures, one almost complete, and the other three partial. Other fragments from the same papyrus are owned by the British Museum and the Vatican Museum.

 

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