Qur’an. Arabic manuscript written by the scribe Mohamet Naci Effendi. Persia, dated 1886.

Gift of S. T. and Margaret D. Harris

The Qur’an, the sacred book of Islam, was revealed during the seventh century to the prophet Muhammad. The principal teachings in the Qur’an are that there is one God, that mankind must submit to God in praise and prayer, that nations are punished for rejecting God’s prophets, and that heaven and hell await mankind’s final judgment at the end of time.

This fine Arabic manuscript belongs to a thousand-year tradition of Koranic writing and decoration. Written in a form of Arabic script called "Nashki" on polished paper, it was sewn into a typical wallet-shaped binding. Mohamet Naci Effendi, a scribe who was famous in that he insisted on mixing his own inks, signed in the text AH 1264. That date translates to the Christian year 1886, as the Muslim calendar begins with the "hegira" in the year 622, the date of Muhammad’s flight from Mecca to Medina and the foundation of Islam.

 

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